- 无标题文档
查看论文信息

论文题名(中文):

 我国农业技术的供求及推广分析

作者:

 王瑞刚

论文语种:

 chi

学科名称:

 区域经济学

学位:

 管理学硕士

学校:

 山西农业大学

院系:

 经济贸易学院

专业:

 农村区域发展

研究方向:

 农村经济发展

第一导师姓名:

 宗颖生

论文完成日期:

 1997-11-20

论文题名(外文):

 The Studies on the Problems Country Provide

关键词(中文):

 农业技术 推广 发展

关键词(外文):

 Agricultural technology extension Development

论文文摘(中文):
中国人口多、人均资源少,目前人均耕地约1.5亩,仅为世界人均数的43%;人均水资源只有2200 立方米,仅为世界平均数的1/4。根据预测,到2020年,我国人均耕地面积将减少至0.08公顷,粮食安全面临着新的压力。农业增长必须从单纯的数量型、外延型向质量型、效益型转变,而这一转变的关键又在于大力推进农业科技进步,大幅度提高农业增长的科技含量。在这一过程中,农业技术与推广将起着至关重要的作用。论文在对农业技术的概念及分类介绍的基础上,首先,对农业技术的供给及其影响因素进行了介绍,包括农业技术的供给及特点、农业技术研制与开发潜力、农业技术引进、农业技术供给趋势等;其次,介绍了农业技术的需求,包括农业技术使用概况、影响技术需求的因素分析、农业技术的需求与应用趋势等;然后,探讨了技术推广与信息服务。主要介绍技术推广渠道和农业技术信息等;最后从政策的角度对农业技术及推广进行了分析,包括研制与开发政策、技术推广与转化政策、技术使用政策和技术引进政策等。论文认为,农业技术政策是农业技术研制、开发、试用、推广以及改进的保障,我国农业技术政策经历在改革开放前后经历了较大的演变,它对农业技术的创新、变迁以及农业生产发展产生了重要作用。在我国农业发展过程中,要特别重视农业科技推广的作用,将农业科研的有关成果,及时推广到千家万户。
文摘(外文):

Abstract

China large population have, per capita resource less, per capita cultivated land about 0.1 at present, only for per capita 43% that counted of world; The per capita water resource is 2200 cubic meters, is only 1/4 of the average of the world. According to predicting, by 2020, the per capita area of cultivated farmland of our country will be reduced to 0.08 hectares, grain will be facing the new pressure safely. Agriculture increases and must transform from simple quantity type, epitaxy type into quality type, benefit type, and the key of this transition lies in advancing the agricultural scientific and technological progress in a more cost-effective manner again, improve the scientific and technological content that agriculture increases by a large margin. In this course, agricultural technology, with popularizing and playing an essential role.

The thesis is on the basis that introduced to concept and classification of agricultural technology, at first, have made an introduction to the supply of agricultural technology and influence factor, including the supply, characteristic, agricultural technology of agricultural technology are developed with the trend of potentiality to be exploited, agricultural technology import, agricultural supply of technology,etc.; Secondly, having introduced the demand for agricultural technology, including agricultural technology uses overview, influencing the factor analysis, demand for agricultural technology and application trend of the technological demand,etc.; Then, have probed into technology popularization and information service. Mainly introduce the technology popularization channel and agricultural technical information,etc.; And popularized and analyze agricultural technology in terms of policy finally, including developing and developing policy, technology popularization, transformation policy, technology and using the policy and technology import policy etc..

The thesis thinks, it is developed that the agricultural technology policy is the agricultural technology, develops, tries out, popularizes and improved guarantee, of our country agricultural technology policy go through in front and at the back of reform and opening-up going through loud development, its innovation, changes and agricultural production development to agricultural technology have produced important function. While our country's agriculture develops, the function of especially paying attention to agricultural sci-tech popularization, popularize the relevant achievements of the agri-scientific research to the huge numbers of families in time.

论文目录:

 


 


1     引言........................................................................................................................... 2


1.1  研究背景和意义.................................................................................................... 2


1.2  研究目的和内容.................................................................................................... 3


1.3  研究方法................................................................................................................ 3


2         农业技术及其贡献................................................................................................... 5


2.1         农业技术分类.................................................................................................... 5


2.2         技术在农业生产中的贡献................................................................................ 6


3         农业技术供给........................................................................................................... 9


3.1         农业技术的供给及特点.................................................................................... 9


3.2         农业技术研制与开发潜力.............................................................................. 20


3.3         农业技术引进.................................................................................................. 23


3.4         农业技术供给趋势.......................................................................................... 27


4         农业技术需求......................................................................................................... 33


4.1         农业技术使用概况.......................................................................................... 33


4.2         影响技术需求的因素分析.............................................................................. 39


4.3         农业技术的需求与应用趋势.......................................................................... 46


5         技术推广与信息服务............................................................................................. 51


5.1         技术推广渠道.................................................................................................. 51


5.2         农业技术信息服务.......................................................................................... 54


6         农业技术政策......................................................................................................... 56


6.1         研制与开发政策.............................................................................................. 56


6.2         技术推广与转化政策...................................................................................... 57


6.3         技术使用政策.................................................................................................. 58


6.4         技术引进政策.................................................................................................. 59


参考文献……………………………………………........................................................ 61

开放日期:

 2002-11-20

无标题文档