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论文题名(中文):

 山西省新型农民培育问题研究

作者:

 王冠中

论文语种:

 chi

学科名称:

 区域经济学

学位:

 管理学硕士

学校:

 山西农业大学

院系:

 经济贸易学院

专业:

 农业经济管理

研究方向:

 农村区域发展

第一导师姓名:

 宗颖生

论文完成日期:

 2009-04-01

论文题名(外文):

 Research of foster new peasantries in Shanxi province

关键词(中文):

 新型农民 培育 社会主义新农村建设

关键词(外文):

 New peasantries foster New country construction of socialism

论文文摘(中文):

提高农民素质、培育新型农民是当前新农村建设最为迫切的要求,也是新农村建设的最本质、最核心的内容。党中央提出要建设社会主义新农村,农民是农村的主体,要建设新农村,就要培育和造就“有文化、懂技术、会经营”的新型农民,把农村巨大的人口压力转化为人力资源优势。把众多素质较低的农村劳动力转化为持续推动社会主义新农村建设的中坚力量,是摆在我们面前的重要课题。

本文从研究国内外对于新型农民的培育出发,借鉴国内外培育经验,从山西省农村人力资源和山西省新型农民培育工作情况两方面对山西省新型农民培育现状做了深入分析。分析结果表明,山西省新型农民培育仍存在很多问题,这包括:农民综合素质仍然较低。主要表现在文化,职业技能,思想道德,经营管理,法制观念,身体健康等方面;对培育工作的重要性认识不足;培育体制不健全;培育投入严重不足;培育配套政策不完善。由此,在坚持为新农村建设服务,坚持城乡和区域统筹,坚持因地制宜、分类指导,坚持点面结合、重点突出,坚持政府主导与市场调节相结合,坚持以人才资源能力建设为核心的原则及确定培育标准的前提下,为山西省培育工作制定了目标和任务,并提出培育的政策建议:提高认识,理顺体制,加强领导;培育社会主义理想信念和民主法制意识;加强教育与培养;创新培训手段和培训模式;加大资金投入、政策支持和服务力度;建立科学的评价体系,采取措施吸引得力人才;加大对弱势地区新型农民培育的支持力度,营造社会环境。

文摘(外文):

Improving peasant quality, and cultivate new farmers is the new rural construction is the most urgent requirement of the construction of new countryside, the nature, the core content. CPC put forward to building a new socialist countryside, rural farmers are subject to the construction of new countryside, and to cultivate and bring up "have culture, technology and management", the new farmers rural huge population pressure into human resource advantage. The numerous quality low rural labor force transformation to continue to promote the construction of new socialist countryside is the nucleus, is an important topic in front of us.

Based on the study of domestic and foreign new peasants cultivation, breeding, from home and abroad to experience from Shanxi Province of shanxi rural human resources and cultivate new farmers work two aspects of shanxi new farmers cultivate an in-depth analysis. Analysis results show that the new farmers cultivate in Shanxi Province has many problems, which include: farmers' comprehensive quality is still low. Mainly displays in culture, vocational skills, moral, legal idea, management, and health etc. To foster not realize the importance of work, Cultivation system, Foster seriously insufficient investment, Foster supporting policies. Thus, insist on serving for the new rural reconstruction, insist on urban and rural areas as a whole, and conditions, classification and guidance, the entire area, the emphasis on the government leading, combining with the market regulation, adhere to the talent resources construction is the core of principle and determine the cultivation standard, under the premise of shanxi work made for cultivating objectives and tasks, and puts forward some policy Suggestions: to improve the cultivating, straighten out the system, strengthen the leadership, Cultivating socialist democracy and the legal consciousness of ideal and faith, Strengthen education and training, Innovative training methods and training mode, Enlarge capital investment, policy support and service, Establish scientific evaluation system, and adopt measures to attract talents capable, To increase the new farmers cultivate disadvantaged areas, build environment of social support.

论文目录:


  ... 1


1引言... 2


1.1选题背景... 2


1.2选题意义... 3


1.3研究内容... 3


1.4研究方法... 4


1.5概念界定... 4


1.5.1新型农民... 4


1.5.2培训... 4


1.5.3培养... 4


1.5.4培育... 5


2国内外研究动态... 5


2.1国外研究动态... 5


2.1.1发达国家的农民素质培养... 5


2.1.2其它发展中国家的农民素质培养... 6


2.2国内研究动态... 7


2.2.1培育新型农民的制约因素... 7


2.2.2 加强对新型农民的培育... 9


2.2.3积极探索新型农民评价鉴定办法... 10


2.2.4新型农民培育模式... 12


3 新型农民培育的理论基础... 14


3.1传统理论... 14


3.2人力资本理论... 14


3.3经济发展的智力效应... 15


3.4冰山素质理论模型... 15


4山西省新型农民培育现状及分析... 16


4.1农业人口受教育程度... 17


4.2农业从业人员整体水平... 18


4.3农业机械装备及技术水平... 19


4.4农业人口医疗卫生状况... 20


4.5山西省新型农民培育存在的主要问题... 21


4.5.1农民综合素质偏低... 21


4.5.2对新型农民培育的重要性认识不足... 26


4.5.3新型农民培育体制不健全... 26


4.5.4新型农民培育投入严重不足... 27


4.5.5新型农民培育配套政策不完善... 27


5山西省新型农民培育的原则、目标与任务... 27


5.1新型农民培育需要坚持的原则... 28


5.2新型农民培育目标与任务... 29


5.2.1 新型农民培育目标... 29


5.2.2新型农民培育标准... 29


5.2.3新型农民培育任务... 30


6 加强新型农民培育的政策建议... 31


6.1积极开发农民的隐性素质... 31


6.1.1提高认识,理顺体制,加强领导... 31


6.1.2培育社会主义理想信念和民主法制意识... 32


6.1.3 具体做法... 32


6.2加强教育与培养... 33


6.3创新培训手段和培训模式... 34


6.4加大资金投入、政策支持和服务力... 35


6.5建立科学的评价体系,采取措施培育发展人才... 36


6.6加大对弱势地区新型农民培育的支持力度,营造社会环境v. 37


参考文献... 38


Abstract. 40


  ... 41



开放日期:

 2010-04-01

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